Long and Short Essay on Indian Politics in English for Children and Students

 

political corruption in india essay

Jan 30,  · Corruption Essay Or Corruption in India Essay Words. Today corruption is seen everywhere in society just like a disease. It is a universal problem, having existed in all ages. It has become one of the most explosive problems all over the world especially in . ADVERTISEMENTS: Political Corruption in India! Political corruption is worst in India. The major cause of concern is that corruption is weakening the political body and damaging the supreme importance of the law governing the society. Nowadays politics is only for criminals and criminals are meant to be in politics. Elections in many parts of the [ ]. Corruption is an issue which adversely affects India's economy of central, state and local government agencies. Not only has it held the economy back from reaching new heights, but rampant corruption has stunted the country's development. A study conducted by Transparency International in recorded that more than 62% of Indians had at some point or another paid a bribe to a public official.


Political Corruption in India ( words)


Corruption is an issue which adversely affects India 's economy of central, state and local government agencies. Not only has it held the economy back from reaching new heights, but rampant corruption has stunted the country's development, political corruption in india essay. The largest contributors to corruption are entitlement programs and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian government.

The media has widely published allegations of corrupt Indian citizens stashing millions of rupees in Swiss banks. Swiss authorities denied these allegations, which were later proven in — The Indian media is largely controlled by extremely corrupt politicians and industrialists who play a major role by misleading the public with incorrect information and use the media for mud-slinging at political and business opponents.

The causes of corruption in India include excessive regulations, complicated tax and licensing systems, numerous government departments with opaque bureaucracy and discretionary powers, monopoly of government controlled institutions on certain goods and services delivery, and the lack of transparent laws and processes. Corruption in India is a problem that has serious implications for protecting the rule of law and ensuring access to justice.

As of December [update]of India's parliament members were accused of various crimes, political corruption in india essay, under India's First Information Report procedure wherein anyone can allege another to have committed a crime.

The en route stoppages at checkpoints and entry-points can take up to 11 hours per day. According to a World Bank published report, the travel time for a Delhi-Mumbai trip could be reduced by about 2 days per trip if the corruption and associated regulatory stoppages to extract bribes were eliminated, political corruption in india essay.

A survey of the leading economies of Asia, revealed Indian bureaucracy to be not only the least efficient out of Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Philippines and Indonesia, but that working with India's civil servants was a "slow and painful" process.

Officials are alleged to steal state property. In cities and villages throughout India, groups of municipal and other government officials, elected politicians, judicial officers, real estate developers and law enforcement officials, acquire, develop and sell land in illegal political corruption in india essay. A report claimed state-funded construction activities in Uttar Pradeshpolitical corruption in india essay, such as road building were dominated by construction mafias, consisting of cabals of corrupt public works officials, materials suppliers, politicians and construction contractors.

Problems caused by corruption in government funded projects are not limited to the state of Uttar Pradesh. According to The World Political corruption in india essay, aid programmes are beset by corruption, bad administration and under-payments.

The World Bank study finds that the public distribution programmes and social spending contracts have proven to be a waste due to corruption. Despite its best intentions, MGNREGA faces the challenges of corrupt officials reportedly pocketing money on behalf of fake rural employees, poor quality of the programme infrastructure, and unintended destructive effect political corruption in india essay clarification needed ] on poverty.

National Rural Health Mission is another health care-related government programme that has been subject to large scale corruption allegations. This social spending and entitlement programme hoped to improve health care delivery across rural India.

The National Rural Health Mission programme has been clouded by a large-scale corruption scandal in which high-level government appointed officials were arrested, several of whom died under mysterious circumstances including one in prison. There are many issues facing Indian scientists, with some, such as MIT systems scientist VA Shiva Ayyaduraicalling for transparency, a meritocratic system, and an overhaul of the bureaucratic agencies that oversee science and technology.

Many competent Indian scientists aspire to be ineffectual administrators due to administrative power and political patronagerather political corruption in india essay do the kind of science that makes a difference". There have been several cases of collusion involving officials of the Income Tax Department of India for preferential tax treatment and relaxed prosecutions in exchange for bribes.

In Augustan iron ore mining scandal became a media focus in India. In Septemberelected member of Karnataka's legislative assembly Janardhana Reddy, was arrested on charges of corruption and illegal mining of iron ore in his home state. It was alleged that his company received preferential allotment of resources, organised and exported billions of dollars' worth of iron ore to Chinese companies in recent years without paying any royalty to the state government exchequer of Karnataka or the central government of India, and that these Chinese companies made payment to shell companies registered in Caribbean and north Atlantic tax havens controlled by Reddy.

It was also alleged that corrupt government officials cooperated with Reddy, starting from government officials in charge of regulating mining to government officials in charge of regulating port facilities and shipping. These officials received monthly bribes in exchange for enabling the illegal export of illegally mined iron ore to China.

Such scandals have led to a demand in India for consensually driven action plan to eradicate the piracy of India's mineral resources by an illegal, politically corrupt government officials-business nexus, removal of incentives for illegal mining, and the creation of incentives for legal mining and domestic use of iron ore and steel manufacturing.

A study conducted between and found that India's driver licensing procedure was a hugely distorted bureaucratic process and allows drivers to be licensed despite their low driving ability through promoting the usage of agents.

Individuals with the willingness to pay make a significant payment above the official fee and most of these extra payments are made to agents, who act as an intermediary between bureaucrats and applicants. The average licensee paid Rs 1, approximately 2.

On average, those who hired agents had a lower driving ability, with agents helping unqualified drivers obtain licenses and bypass the legally required driving examination. Agents are the channels of corruption in this bureaucratic driver licensing system, facilitating access to licenses among those who are unqualified to drive. Some of the failures of this licensing system are caused by corrupt bureaucrats who collaborate with agents by creating additional barriers political corruption in india essay the system against those who did not hire agents.

Bribery and corruption are pervasive, but some areas tend to more issues than others. There are a political corruption in india essay of specific factors that make a sector more susceptible to bribery and corruption risks than others.

High use of middlemen, large value contracts, and liasioning activities etc. A KPMG study reports India's real estate, telecommunications and government-run social development projects as the three top sectors plagued by corruption. The study found India's defence, the information technology industry and energy sectors to be the most competitive and least corruption prone sectors.

CMS India claims in its India Corruption Study report that socio-economically weaker sections of Indian society are the most adversely affected by government corruption.

These include the rural and urban poor, political corruption in india essay, although the study claims that nationwide perception of corruption has decreased between and Over the 5-year period, a significantly greater number of people surveyed from the middle and poorest classes in all parts of India claimed government corruption had dropped over time, and that they had fewer direct experiences with bribery demands.

The table below compares the perceived anti-corruption effort across some of the major states in India. According to this table, the states of Bihar and Gujarat have experienced significant improvements in their anti-corruption efforts, while conditions have worsened in the states of Assam and West Bengal, political corruption in india essay.

Consistent with the results in this table, in a BBC News report claimed the state of Bihar has transformed in recent years to become the least corrupt state in India. Black money refers to money that is not fully or legitimately the property of the 'owner'. A government white paper on black money political corruption in india essay India suggests two possible sources of black money in India; [9] the first includes activities not permitted by the law, such as crime, drug trade, terrorism and corruption, all of which are illegal in India and secondly, wealth that may have been generated through lawful activity but accumulated by failure to declare income and pay taxes.

Some of this black money ends up in illicit financial flows across international borders, such as deposits in tax haven countries. India was ranked 38th by money held by its citizens in Swiss banks in but then improved its ranking by slipping to 61st position in and further improved its position by slipping to 75th position in Another report said that Indian-owned Swiss bank account assets are worth 13 times the country's national debt.

These allegations have been denied by Swiss Bankers Association, political corruption in india essay. James Nason of Swiss Bankers Association in an interview about alleged black money from India, holds that "The black money figures were rapidly picked up in the Indian media and in Indian opposition circles, and circulated as gospel truth.

However, this story was a complete fabrication. The Swiss Bankers Association never published such a report. Anyone claiming to have such figures for India should be forced to identify their source political corruption in india essay explain the methodology used to produce them. This includes corruption, bribery and kickbacks, criminal activities, trade mispricing political corruption in india essay efforts to shelter wealth by Indians political corruption in india essay India's tax authorities.

According to a third report, published in Maypolitical corruption in india essay, Swiss National Bank estimates that the total amount of deposits in all Swiss banks, at the end ofby citizens of India were Political corruption in india essay 1.

Total deposits held by citizens of India constitute only 0. Further, the share of Indians in the total bank deposits of citizens of all countries in Swiss banks has reduced from 0, political corruption in india essay.

Indian companies are reportedly misusing public trusts for money laundering. India has no centralised repository—like the registrar of companies for corporates—of information on public trusts, political corruption in india essay. There have also been reports of people circumventing the restrictions imposed on exchange transactions and attempting to convert black money into white by making multiple transactions at different bank branches. This was in addition to other measures proposed to ensure that the exchange transactions are carried out only once by each person.

As soon as the demonetisation was announced, it was observed by the Indian Railways authorities that a large number of people political corruption in india essay booking tickets particularly in classes 1A and 2A for the longest distance possible, to get rid of unaccounted for cash.

A senior official said, "On November 13, Of these, only 1, were 1A and 16, for 2A. It is a sharp dip from the number of passengers booked on November 9, when 27, passengers had booked tickets in 1A and 69, in 2A, political corruption in india essay. The railway claimed that since the Railway Board on 10 November imposed a number of restrictions to book and cancel tickets, the number of people booking 1A and 2A tickets came down. As a result, revenue collections of the local civic bodies jumped.

Income Tax officials raided multiple branches of Axis Bank and found bank officials involved in acts of money laundering. Public servants have very wide discretionary powers offering the opportunity to extort undue payments from companies and ordinary citizens.

The awarding of public contracts is notoriously corrupt, especially at the state level. Scandals involving high-level politicians have highlighted the payment of kickbacks in the healthcare, IT and military sectors.

The deterioration of the overall efficiency of the government, protection of property rights, ethics and corruption as well as undue influence on government and judicial decisions has resulted in a more difficult business environment.

According to Transparency International [ unreliable source? The Right to Information Act required government officials to provide information requested by citizens or face punitive action, political corruption in india essay, as well as the computerisation of services and the establishment of vigilance commissions.

This is considerably reduced corruption and opened up avenues to redress grievances. Right to Public Services legislation, which has been enacted in 19 states of India, guarantee time political corruption in india essay delivery of services for various public services rendered by the government to citizen and provides mechanisms for punishing the errant public servant who is deficient in providing the service stipulated under the statute.

Public servants in India can be imprisoned for several years and penalised for corruption under the:. India is also a signatory to the United Nations Convention against Corruption since ratified The Convention covers a wide range of acts of corruption and also proposes certain preventive policies.

The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, which came into force from 16 Januaryseeks to provide for the establishment of the institution of Lokpal to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain public functionaries in India, political corruption in india essay. Whistle Blowers Protection Act,which provides a mechanism to investigate alleged corruption and misuse of power by public servants and also protect anyone who exposes alleged wrongdoing in government bodies, projects and offices, has received the assent of the President of India on 9 Mayand as of 2 August is pending for notification by the Central Government.

At present there are no legal provisions to check graft in the private sector in India. Government has proposed amendments in existing acts and certain new bills for checking corruption in private sector.

Big-ticket corruption is mainly witnessed in the operations of large commercial or corporate entities. In order to prevent bribery on supply side, it is proposed that key managerial personnel of companies' and also the company shall be held liable for offering bribes to gain undue benefits.

The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, provides that the properties of corrupt public servants shall be confiscated. However, the Government is considering incorporating provisions for confiscation or forfeiture of the property of corrupt public servants into the Prevention of Corruption Act, to make it more self-contained and comprehensive.

A committee headed by the Chairman of Central Board of Direct Taxes CBDThas been constituted to examine ways to strengthen laws to curb generation of black money in India, its illegal transfer abroad, and its recovery. Declaring wealth generated illegally as national asset; 2. Providing for exemplary punishment against its perpetrators. The Companies Act,contains certain provisions to regulate frauds by corporations including increased penalties for frauds, giving more powers to the Serious Political corruption in india essay Investigation Office, mandatory responsibility of auditors to reveal frauds, and increased responsibilities of independent directors.

This intended to avoid accounting scandals such as the Satyam scandal which have plagued India. The Act has received the assent of the President of India on 26 May It came into effect from 1 July

 

The Political Corruption Of India Is Worst - Words | Cram

 

political corruption in india essay

 

Corruption Essay 4 ( words) Now-a-days, corruption is seen everywhere in the society just like an infectious disease. The great leaders of the India who have fought their whole life for removing corruption and other social issues completely from the society. Here is your essay on Political Corruption in India: It is well-known that a large number of politicians, not only in India, but almost in all countries are corrupt. People are never shocked when politician’s corruption is divulged. Honest politicians are a rare breed today. Ministers like Lal Bahadur Shastri, Sardar Vallab Bhai Patel, Jawaharlal [ ]. Corruption is an issue which adversely affects India's economy of central, state and local government agencies. Not only has it held the economy back from reaching new heights, but rampant corruption has stunted the country's development. A study conducted by Transparency International in recorded that more than 62% of Indians had at some point or another paid a bribe to a public official.